Tunis is the capital of Tunisia. With a population of around two million inhabitants. Tunis is an interesting mix of new and old, including colonial French buildings. The souq and the medina are among the most authentic and hassle-free in North Africa.
Located on the Mediterranean coast but lacking much in the way of beaches. Downtown is located about 10 km from the sea, at the bank of Lake Tunis. Tunis started out as a modest village compared to cities like Carthage, Kairouan and Mahdia. It eventually became the capital of the Almohad Caliphate in 1159, and has been conquered by various Muslim and Christian empires after that. Tunis has been the capital of Tunisia since independence in 1956, and is today the commercial and cultural heart of Tunisia as well as the most important traffic hub.
Tunis is divided into the World Heritage Listed old city, known as the medina, and the new city. Ave Habib Bourguiba is the large avenue running through the new city from the clock tower to the Cathedral of St Vincent de Paul. It then turns into Ave de France, which runs for a few blocks until ending at the Place de la Victoire and the Port de France, a large free-standing gate that used to be the entrance to the medina.
It is one of the most important museums in the Mediterranean region and the second museum of the African continent by richness of its collections. It traces the history of Tunisia over several millennia and across several civilizations through a wide variety of archaeological pieces.
Cathedral of St. Vincent de Paul
Built in 1882, this is the largest surviving building from Tunis’ colonial era, in the neo-Romanesque style. It was named after St. Vincent de Paul, a priest in the region who was sold as a slave and fought slavery after he was liberated.
Municipal Theatre of Tunis in Tunisia was first opened on November 20, 1902 and currently showcases opera, ballet, symphonic concerts and dramas featuring numerous Tunisian, Arabic and international actors.
The world heritage listed old town is a must-see colorful, crowded labyrinth of deco-rated old houses, vaults and street vendors. You get a feel of medieval life.
Sidi Youssef Dey Mosque.
Opened in 1631, this was the first Ottoman mosque to be built in Tunis. It is the largest Hanafi mosque in the city, was extensively restored in the late 19th century.
Grande Mosquée Zitouna.
The largest and oldest mosque in Tunisia, this Aghlabite mosque dates back to the 8th century, although the distinctive square minaret is a much later 19th century addition. It has 160 pillars, that originally come from the ruins of Carthage.
Tunis-Carthage Airport located 8 km away from the center, but within urban Tunis. Airport is small and in a reasonable shape with all standard facilities.
The major carrier at Tunis-Carthage is Tunisair, serving many destinations. The major western carriers who service Tunis-Carthage are Air France, Alitalia and Lufthansa, from London, Paris, Rome or Frankfurt. Air Malta offers occasional flights to Tunis from Malta, so you can always puddle-jump through the Mediterranean as well. Also, flights from other African cities are common ways to access Tunis if you are traveling to Tunisia from another African destination or vice versa.